Myopia is a disorder that commonly starts in childhood, kids between six and twelve years old experience onset of it. Because the eyeball is continuing to grow as the child gets older, the myopia does get worse before it slows down around the age of 14 to 16 for girls and when men are halfway their 20’s. This condition is another name for nearsightedness or short-sightedness as they say in the British; meaning one has difficulty seeing or reading things at a distant because they seem blurry whereas closer items are in focus and seen clearly. This happens because when the light enters the eye, it does not go to the retina of the eye; it stops right in the front of it. It cannot be prevented but it can be treated or controlled to an acceptable progression.
Nearsightedness happens because of how different the eyeball is shaped and it is passed on through genetics. In some rare cases, it is caused by different occurrences to the cornea or the lens.
Short-sightedness can sometimes be suspected if one has constant blurry vision, headaches from squinting to look or read, how close one holds an item to their face to look at or read, or one preferring to sit close up while watching television or movie. It can also be noted that one may seem not enthused to watch sports or anything that means that one has to be able to see far away.
Having myopia does not mean the end of good vision for anyone. People who have this condition can practice taking control of it by doing few things to slow down the progression for long-term good, or moderate, vision.
- Wear properly medicated eyeglasses or contact lenses that regulate the right amount of light coming into the retina
- Surgery; such as getting artificial lens implants
- Wearing Rigid Gas Permeable (RGP) contact lenses to help adjust the form of the cornea
- Wearing bifocal eyeglasses that are designed for high myopia
- Although it is rarely used, taking control sometimes means using eye drops called Pirenzepine. This medication is formulated to slow down how fast the nearsightedness advance.
The purpose of exercising short-sightedness control is to manipulate how both the brain and vision is progressed, which in turn, determine how the eye forms and progresses.
Because this condition tends to start when people are children, it is essential that parents ensure that they get regular eye exams, perhaps yearly, or more if issues have been noted.