Myopia and How to Treat It

Myopia is considered a refractive error of the eye because the shape of the eyeball distorts the way the eye refracts light. Refract is anther name for bend and in myopia, which is also called nearsightedness, the eyeball is too long. The image focuses in front of the retina instead of right on it. An ophthalmologist can give a patient a myopia guide to better explain the condition to them.

With nearsightedness, the person can see objects close up and can easily read and do close work but can’t focus on objects that are further away. Myopia is Greek for “closed eyes,” because people often squint when they’re nearsighted.



Myopia is often inherited and parents might notice that their child starts to squint when he or she is between eight and twelve years old. The child might also complain that he or she can’t see the blackboard in school. As a child grows, his or her myopia tends to get worse because the long eyeball grows with the rest of the body. The child might need to get his or her eyeglass prescription changed frequently. When the child becomes an adult, the myopia will usually stabilize. This is the time when the person might consider uses lasers to help change the shape of the eye to make sure that the image falls through the lens of the eye and focuses on the retina instead of in front of it. Lasik surgery is very effective in correcting myopia and doesn’t have high myopia complications (also read Reasons Why Lasik Surgery Is A Better Substitute To Better Vision). The eye is numbed and the patient is put into a twilight sleep. The ophthalmologist uses lasers to make a very precise flap in the patient’s cornea and then to resculpt the eye. The whole operation should take no more than a quarter hour. The operation doesn’t require any stitches because the flap closes naturally after the operation. The patient can go home soon after the operation and should rest for a few days. The ophthalmologist will prescribe special eye drops to help the patient cope with any dryness in the eye. It’s important that the patient keep follow-up appointments with the ophthalmologist to make sure everything is going well.